Obesity is considered disease just like high blood pressure, diabetes or cancer. Here are some facts about it…
Not long ago, obesity in our country, was considered the mark of a wealthy family – khate pite ghar ke. It is no longer so. Now, obesity is considered disease just like high blood pressure, diabetes or cancer. Here is all you need to know about it…
What is BMI
BMI is the basal metabolic rate. The presence of excessive body fat is usually estimated by measuring body weight in relation to height. This is called a measure of your BMI or body mass index.
The BMI can help in calculating obesity. The other ways of measuring it include the use of :
– waist circumference
– Body fat callipers
– DEXA scans for fat and bone density
– Bioelectric impendence testing
-Body fat MRI
– Water Displacement testing
In a nutshell:
BMI between 23.5 – 27.5
If not attempted in time, overweight people can easily turn into obese.
For these patients Nutrition Program is recommended.
Grade I Obesity
BMI between 27.5 – 32.5 It is essential to be very careful with your weight; at this stage there is great scope to get back to your ideal weight yet there are equal chances to slip into
Grade II Obesity
Solution: Moderate to high intensity exercise, obesity diets, and lifestyle modifications as well as the introduction of weight loss pills is advocated to overcome obesity at this level. For these patients Bariatric Surgery or Weight Loss Surgery is recommended.
Grade II Obesity
BMI between 32 – 37
This is often symptomatic. Most people would have developed co-morbidities at this stage. Type 2 Diabetes, hypertension, cardiac problems, sleep apnea, joint pains are some of the most common associated medical problems for these individuals
Solution: For some of these patients lifestyle modifications along with Bariatric Surgery or Weight Loss Surgery is recommended.
Grade III or Morbid Obesity
BMI is beyond 37.5
This is the most dangerous category. At this stage diets and exercise deliver negligible results.
Solution: The only clinically proven way for morbidly obese people to lose and maintain weight is bariatric surgery