All of us are at a high risk of catching a cold, cough and stuffy nose during the winter season.
None of us are totally immune to these winter ailments. No number of fitness lifestyle habits will keep you safe from a contagious disease once it’s in the air, hence proper precautions and good hygiene should be maintained at all times. If these ailments are not treated properly, then these small infections can prove to be very deadly. Besides, the common cold and cough, cold weather also triggers and worsens cold sores and asthma. Today, bring you effective measures that will help you prevent common winter illnesses.
How to prevent the common cold
Even though, technically, one can catch a cold at any time of the year, we tend to associate the common cold with the cold winter months. People with low immune power are more prone to catching colds and typically catch one almost 3-10 times per year. Common symptoms include runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing, cough, sore throat, headache, and mild fever. Common colds are highly contagious. Hence, if you want to stay healthy, then prevention and boosting your immune system are the only easy ways available.
Cold germs are present everywhere on toys and even the air. In order to stay away from cold, avoid touching your eyes and nose constantly. You can also prevent catching a cold by washing your hands thoroughly and frequently. House-cleanliness is also important, especially if someone in your house has a cold. Lastly, keep loads of tissues with you to avoid more re-infections.
How to prevent influenza
The most common symptoms of influenza are fever, headache, body pains and fatigue. At times people with influenza may also show symptoms like stuffy nose, sneezing and sore throat. People with chest discomfort may also feel nauseated.
The best way to stay away from influenza is annual vaccination. Washing your hands constantly will also help. Avoid contact with people who have influenza as it is highly contagious. If any breathing problems are noticed, see a doctor immediately.
How to prevent bronchitis
This is a very common winter ailment, especially among babies, young children and people with weak immune systems. Bronchitis is the inflammation of the small airways in the lungs, which further leads to build up of mucus which causes difficulty in breathing. The symptoms are more or less similar to those of cold. Other symptoms like fast breathing, persistent cough, wheezing and mild fever are also common.
Seek medical help as soon as the above symptoms are noticed. In order to avoid worsening the symptoms, Dr. Keya says avoid exposure to cigarettes, smoke and fire crackers.
How to prevent sore throat
Sore throats are caused by viral infections. It can also be caused by drastic changes in the temperature.
Keep drinking hot water, when the temperature dips down. Avoid icy cold stuff if your throat is already sore. For quick relief, keep gargling with warm salty water at regular intervals.
How to prevent asthma attacks
The symptoms of asthma can be worsened in winter due to smog and cold air. The common symptoms are wheezing and shortness of breath.
If you are an asthma patient, then you need to be extra careful during winter season, to avoid worsening of the symptoms. Stay indoors during very cold days. If you are stepping out, make sure you cover your nose and mouth with a scarf. Always carry your inhaler with you, and take your medications regularly.
How to prevent cold hands
Very severe cold condition can change the color of your toes and fingers. This can become very painful in very cold temperature. Fingers can show various colors like white, blue and red. The common cause for this problem is poor blood circulations in hands and feet.
Avoid smoke and caffeine, as these two can worsen the condition. Make sure you always cover your hands and feet with warm gloves and socks during cold weather.
How to prevent dry skin
As the temperature dips down, the environmental humidity level also goes down. This makes the skin dry and parched
Avoid hot water showers, as this will make your skin more dull and dry. Moisturize your skin soon after a bath, while your skin is still moist. Use a good moisturizer again at bedtime, so that when you are asleep, the moisturizer does its magic.
How to prevent the flu
Flu can occur all throughout the year, but the chances during winter are very high. People with diabetes, kidney problems and weak immune system are at high risk. The common symptoms of flu are high fever, runny nose, chills, fatigue and headache.
Get a vaccination done, this is the best way to stay away from flu. Besides, flu can be highly deadly, hence take medical help as soon as you see the symptoms.
How to prevent joint pains
Dr. Sunesara – General Physician, Mumbai – says, “Many people complain about severe joint pain during winter. The case is very bad among people with osteoporosis and arthritis. The possible reason for pain in the joints is due to change in the weather. The common symptoms are joint pains, regular cramps and stiffness.”
Dr. Sunesara advises, “In order to avoid this problem, the best way is to be physically active.” He adds, “If you sit at a place the whole day, due to pain, this will certainly worsen the case. Hence, start regular morning exercise or just go for a walk.”
How to prevent heart health risks
It does sound unbelievable, but it is true: Dr. Sunesara says, “Heart attacks are very common during winter, due to sudden dip in temperature. This increases the blood pressure and adds more strain to your heart.”
The best way to avoid heart health risks is by staying indoors during drastic dips in temperatures. Wrap yourself with warm woolen clothes to keep yourself warm.