Lifestyle-related diseases, including diabetes and cancer, have increased tremendously over the past three years, whereas incidence and prevalence of tuberculosis declined significantly over past decades, the government has informed Rajya Sabha.
Government data show the number of people suffering from cancer, especially lung cancer, increasing since 2012. The prevalence of lung cancer between 2012 and 2014 has increased by over 6000 cases, whereas to tal incidence of all types of cancer rose from 10,86,783 in 2013 to 11,48,692 in 2015.
“Lung cancer prevalence was 76,783, 79,833 and 83,035 in 2012, 2013 and 2014 respectively . The estimated incidence of cancer cases of all sites for the year 2013, 2014 and 2015 was 10,86,783, 11,17,269 and 11,48,692, respectively ,” health minister J P Nadda said in a written reply.
Similarly, the number of people suffering from diabetes in the country has increased in the past three years whereas the incidence and prevalence rate of tuberculosis has come down compared to 1990 levels.
Rates of new TB cases have come down from 216 per lakh population in 1990 to 167 per lakh population in 2014.The prevalence rate for the disease has dropped from 465 per lakh population to 195.
However, according to International Diabetes Federation, the estimate for the number of people with diabetes (20-79 years) in India is 65 million, 66.8 million and 69.1 million for 2013, 2314 and 2015, Nadda said.
The government has approved a Tertiary Care for Cancer scheme in 2013-14.Under the scheme, the government is assisting to establish state cancer institutes and tertiary care cancer centres in different parts of the country . The maximum assistance, inclusive of state share, for SCI is up to Rs 120 crore and up to Rs 45 crorefor TCCC -subject to eligibility as per scheme guidelines and availability of funds.