6 Things Your #Height Says About Your #Health

Small comfort for all the short and tall women out there: There isn’t a perfect height for your health. Turns out, extra inches lower your risk of some common health problems, but increase the odds of others. Sigh. Here’s the long and short of it:

When Short Is Sweet

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You’re not as cancer-prone. “Melanoma, thyroid, kidney, breast, colon, and rectum cancers, in particular, are strongly associated with height,” says Geoffrey Kabat, PhD, senior epidemiologist at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City. Over a series of three studies, he found that women who are 5’10” are about 30 to 40% more likely to develop these types of cancer than women who are 5’2″. “Taller women tend to have larger organs and more cells, so the chance of developing mutations that lead to cancer is greater,” explains Kabut. “It’s also possible that the hormones and growth factors that influence height also affect cancer risk.”

Your chance of blood clots dwindles. If you’re 5’2″ or under and your weight is normal or close to it, you’re three times less likely to get a blood clot. According to a study from the University of Tromso in Norway, blood must be pumped a longer distance in taller women, which may lead to reduced flow and the increased risk for a stroke-causing clot. While you can’t change your height, dropping a few pounds will help: Tall women without a weight problem had no increased risk of clots.

You might still be going strong at 90. One of the genes linked to longevity is also responsible for short stature, according to research at Albert Einstein College of Medicine. The scientists found that a gene mutation impedes insulin-like growth factor from doing its job also seems to extend lifespan.

When Tall Is Tops

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Your heart is safer. Women who are 5’8″ are 28% less likely to develop heart disease than those who are 5’3″, according to a recent British study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. In fact, for every two-and-a-half inches taller you are than someone else of the same gender, the researchers found that your risk of heart disease diminishes by about 14%. “While being tall doesn’t give you a free pass to smoke and eat junk food, it offers some protection,” says Daniel Munoz, MD, an instructor of medicine in the division of cardiology at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville. What gives? The genes associated with being short also increase the risk of high LDL cholesterol levels.(Need to lower your blood pressure? Find out how to do it without drugs in Lower Your Blood Pressure Naturally.)

Your mind will stay strong. A women who is 5’7″ is about 50% less likely to die from dementia than one who is 5’1″, according to preliminary research from the University of Edinburgh’s College of Medicine. Scientists believe the factors that contribute to smaller stature—childhood illnesses, stress, and poor nutrition—are at the root of the increased risk rather than genetics.

Pregnancy and childbirth won’t be as tough. Moms-to-be who are 5’6″ are 18 to 59% less likely to develop gestational diabetes than those who are 5’2″, according to a study at the City University of New York that looked at more than 220,000 pregnancies. Researchers aren’t sure why, but they speculate that the genes related to height have an effect on glucose tolerance. More good news for average size or tall women with a bump: a study from Thailand found being 5’1″ or taller reduces your risk for a C-section.

Put the ‘#fun’ back in #work

Employees need to reinvent themselves to keep their interest up,when monotony surrounds them at work.

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When one starts working in a new organisation, the excitement quotient is at an all-time high. The enthusiasm is like never-before, to learn the tricks of the new trade, make friends with the colleagues and settle down in the workplace that has just come to be associated with you. Nonetheless, often it is seen that after a while, the same office with its routine work patterns, starts looking mundane and less exciting as compared to the earlier days. The work starts looking monotonous, the excitement of being with new colleagues fizzles out. When such a situation starts building up, is that a signal that it is time to move on? Not necessarily! Lakshmi Murthy , director HR, ITM Group of Institution, throws light on how a situation like this can be dealt with, without one having to take the decision of shifting the job. “A monotonous work life is definitely a signal that you should change, but not the job. It should rather be about changing what you do at work. Most of the times, it is we who build the constraints and boundaries around us and do not want to step out of the same. This also creates a perception amongst our seniors that we are not open to take any risk or try out new things. Unless an organisation is going through a downturn, there is always opportunity for the employees to try new things. So, one should look for new areas of responsibility in the same workplace,” says Murthy.

If the job gets mundane, a focus on how you can contribute towards a bigger objective can be explored. Ways might be sought through discussions with your supervisors and also taking inputs from your colleagues. A third person’s (not necessarily from your organisation) review, might also be helpful as he might help you with ways that are prevalent in his organisation. Zubin Zack, director and chief recognition strategist, OC Tanner India, suggests ways through which one can look towards developing new prospects. He says, “If there are methods and means to improve thereby expanding your role and responsibilities, including training and development tools, you must make good use of them as these keep the employees excited and interested in developing themselves further and learning new skills and gaining functional knowledge.” A more structured career progression often helps in arresting the fatigue. Shinu Javed, franchisee training director, Antal International, shares her own experience while providing a solution to this problem. “I did experience the fatigue that sets in with working in the same role for a period of time. To counter this, both, my boss and I agreed on more people-centric roles like inducting new recruits and mentoring them. This opportunity helped me immensely as what I do, helps the other person perform effectively , making them more successful. This is something that brought in the kicks during my long-term desk assignment with the organisation.” The role of the supervisor is crucial in bringing about this change, but ultimately it has to be you who has to drive the change.”

Keeping track of what’s business and staying updated can help one innovate and think of new ideas to accomplish routine tasks. Abhijit Nimgaonkar, office managing principal and India CEC’s head, ZS, stresses on the importance of being innovative and challenging oneself to become a better version of themselves at work. “We need to ask ourselves as to how we could work better with an innovative approach. A way to keep the interest levels high is engaging the entire team to create contests and activities with the aim of enhancing productivity and completion of tasks,” he avers.

In a bid to make the existing workplace a better one, you should look for recognition, growth and try something not tried before. Sharing your learning with others and helping them improve simultaneously is another way to try out.

There are many ways through which you can keep yourself motivated, and by helping others, you can also improve your productivity graph, helping you scale the corporate ladder faster.

#Vegetarians lead a #healthier #life than #meat-eaters: #Study

Non-vegetarian food may lose its charm beyond your taste buds. Vegetarians have been found leading a healthier life as compared to meat-eaters. Incidence of diseases such as pancreatic cancer and respiratory problems are also less common among vegetarians than in those who consume meat regularly, according to a latest study.

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However, there were no significant differences observed in mortality between people following different dietary patterns.

The study, conducted by the Oxford University and published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, is one of the largest analysis piloted on the subject and involved two prospective studies that covered 60,310 persons living in the United Kingdom.

Findings of the study suggested significant differences in health risk, mainly related to chronic diseases, among regular meat-eaters, low-meat eaters, fish-eaters and vegetarians. For specific causes of death, compared with regular meat-eaters, low meat-eaters had around 30-45% lower mortality from pancreatic cancer, respiratory diseases, and all other causes of death. Fish-eaters had almost 20% lower mortality from malignant cancer and around 20% higher circulatory disease mortality. Vegetarians and vegans had 50% lower mortality from pancreatic cancer and cancers of the lymphatic or hematopoietic tissue.

The findings remained unchanged on further adjustment for body mass index, sex and smoking habits, the report said.

The study comprised 18,431 regular meat-eaters (who ate meat five times a week on an average), 13,039 low meat-eaters, 8516 fish-eaters (who ate fish but not meat), and 20,324 vegetarians (including 2228 vegans who did not eat anything sourced from animals).

According to Dr Anoop Misra, a leading endocrinologist and Chairman, Fortis C-Doc, similar studies are required in Indian population because there are stark contrasts in dietary patters of vegetarians and meat- eaters in the country. “The vegetarian food in India is not always the same as it is western countries. Here vegetarian food often contains high amount of carbohydrates and fat from oil etc. This is the reason that cardiovascular diseases, obesity and diabetes are common even among vegetarians in India,” Dr Misra said.

Recently, the World Health Organisation’s cancer research agency – the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), also classified the consumption of red meat as “probably carcinogenic” to humans. “This association was observed mainly for colorectal cancer, but associations were also seen for pancreatic cancer and prostate cancer,” the agency had said. While classification of red meat was based on limited evidence, in case of processed meat the agency found “sufficient evidence” suggesting that consumption of processed meat causes colorectal cancer.

In a separate report on health risks due to climate pollutants, the WHO has recommended high and middle-income populations to increase their consumption of nutritious plant-based foods to reduce heart disease and some cancers. It said slow methane emissions is associated with some animal-sourced foods.

7 #sources of #vitamin D

We list foods that are a great source vitamin D!

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Salmon
Salmon is known to be high in fat content, thus being an excellent source of vitamin D. One serving of salmon will provide you with your daily recommended vitamin D intake. In addition to salmon, tuna, catfish and mackerel are also some options for vitamin D.

Milk
Milk is also an excellent source of vitamin D. A single glass of vitamin D will provide you up to a quarter of the recommended vitamin D.

Cereal
Many cereals are also fortified with vitamin D. Before picking up a cereal box, remember to check the nutritional information to be sure of the level of vitamin D.

Eggs
The egg yolk is said to be high in vitamin D. Though the whole egg does not contain vitamin D, still it is advisable to have the whole egg.

Orange juice
In addition to milk and cereal, orange juice is commonly fortified. One glass of orange juice a day will give you a good dose of vitamin D.

Mushrooms
Mushrooms have a significant amount of vitamin D. The amount varies according to its type or varieties. Shitake mushrooms are considered to be one of the best sources of vitamin D.